Identify the appropriate qualitative characteristic(s) to be used given the information provided below.
(a) Qualitative characteristic being employed when companies in the same industry are using the same
(b) Quality of information that confirms users’ earlier expectations.
(c) Imperative for providing comparisons of a company from period to period.
(d) Ignores the economic consequences of a standard or rule.
(e) Requires a high degree of consensus among individuals on a given measurement.
(f) Predictive value is an ingredient of this fundamental quality of information.
(g) Four qualitative characteristics that are related to both relevance and faithful representation.
(h) An item is not recorded because its effect on income would not change a decision.
(i) Neutrality is an ingredient of this fundamental quality of accounting information.
(j) Two fundamental qualities that make accounting information useful for decision-making purposes.
(k) Issuance of interim reports is an example of what enhancing quality of relevance?
E2-5 (Elements of Financial Statements) Ten interrelated elements that are most directly related to measuring
the performance and financial status of an enterprise are provided below.
Assets Distributions to owners Expenses
Liabilities Comprehensive income Gains
Equity Revenues Losses
Investments by owners
Identify the element or elements associated with the 12 items below.
(a) Arises from peripheral or incidental transactions.
(b) Obligation to transfer resources arising from a past transaction.
(c) Increases ownership interest.
(d) Declares and pays cash dividends to owners.
(e) Increases in net assets in a period from nonowner sources.
(f) Items characterized by service potential or future economic benefit.
(g) Equals increase in assets less liabilities during the year, after adding distributions to owners and
subtracting investments by owners.
(h) Arises from income statement activities that constitute the entity’s ongoing major or central operations.
(i) Residual interest in the assets of the enterprise after deducting its liabilities.
(j) Increases assets during a period through sale of product.
(k) Decreases assets during the period by purchasing the company’s own stock.
(l) Includes all changes in equity during the period, except those resulting from investments by owners
and distributions to owners.
E2-6 (Assumptions, Principles, and Constraint) Presented below are the assumptions, principles, and
constraint used in this chapter.
Identify by number the accounting assumption, principle, or constraint that describes each situation below.
Do not use a number more than once.
(a) Allocates expenses to revenues in the proper period.
(b) Indicates that fair value changes subsequent to purchase are not recorded in the accounts. (Do not
use revenue recognition principle.)
(c) Ensures that all relevant financial information is reported.
(d) Rationale why plant assets are not reported at liquidation value. (Do not use historical cost principle.)
(e) Indicates that personal and business record keeping should be separately maintained.
(f) Separates financial information into time periods for reporting purposes.
(g) Assumes that the dollar is the “measuring stick” used to report on financial performance.
2. Chapter 3: E3-1, E3-5, E3-16
E3-1 (Transaction Analysis—Service Company) Beverly Crusher is a licensed CPA. During the first
month of operations of her business (a sole proprietorship), the following events and transactions
April 2 Invested $32,000 cash and equipment valued at $14,000 in the business.
2 Hired a secretary-receptionist at a salary of $290 per week payable monthly.
3 Purchased supplies on account $700. (Debit an asset account.)
7 Paid offi ce rent of $600 for the month.
11 Completed a tax assignment and billed client $1,100 for services rendered. (Use Service Revenue
12 Received $3,200 advance on a management consulting engagement.
17 Received cash of $2,300 for services completed for Ferengi Co.
21 Paid insurance expense $110.
30 Paid secretary-receptionist $1,160 for the month.
30 A count of supplies indicated that $120 of supplies had been used.
30 Purchased a new computer for $6,100 with personal funds. (The computer will be used exclusively for
Journalize the transactions in the general journal. (Omit explanations.)
E3-5 (Adjusting Entries) The ledger of Duggan Rental Agency on March 31 of the current year includes
the following selected accounts before adjusting entries have been prepared.
An analysis of the accounts shows the following.
1. The equipment depreciates $250 per month.
2. One-third of the unearned rent was recognized as revenue during the quarter.
3. Interest of $500 is accrued on the notes payable.
4. Supplies on hand total $850.
5. Insurance expires at the rate of $300 per month.
Prepare the adjusting entries at March 31, assuming that adjusting entries are made quarterly. Additional
accounts are Depreciation Expense, Insurance Expense, Interest Payable, and Supplies Expense. (Omit
E3-16 (Closing Entries for a Corporation) Presented below are selected account balances for Homer
Winslow Co. as of December 31, 2014.
Inventory 12/31/14 $ 60,000 Cost of Goods Sold $225,700
Common Stock 75,000 Selling Expenses 16,000
Retained Earnings 45,000 Administrative Expenses 38,000
Dividends 18,000 Income Tax Expense 30,000
Sales Returns and Allowances 12,000
Sales Discounts 15,000
Sales Revenue 410,000
Prepare closing entries for Homer Winslow Co. on December 31, 2014. (Omit explanations.)